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Food Taboo and Its Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women in SendafaBeke Town, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

Show simple item record Robert, Wondimu, Esubalew, Tesfahun Zalalem, Kaba 2021-09-13T06:15:17Z 2021-09-13T06:15:17Z 2021-09-02
dc.description.abstract Background: Dietary practices often take the form of rules stating which foods should not be eaten, that is food proscriptions or taboos. Food proscriptions are usually temporary and selective, but food taboos may have an absolute nature. Food taboos refer to the restriction of specific food as a result of social or religious customs. In many traditional societies, cultural norms and customs govern behaviors including, during critical life stages like pregnancy. Every day at least 1600 women die from the complications of pregnancy and childbirth globally. Declaring certain food taboos because they are thought to make a person sick, is also the basis for the many food taboos affecting pregnant women. Objective: To assess the prevalence of food taboo and its associated factors among pregnant women in SendafaBeke town, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia, 2019. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study conducted from March 1, 2019 to May 17, 2019 among pregnant women who selected using systematic sampling technique. Data were collected using both a structured interviewer administered questionnaire and for qualitative, Focused Group Discussion (FGD) was conducted. The data was coded, entered into Epi data version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 23 for data cleaning and analysis. Descriptive measures mean, median, frequency and percentage were used. Binary logistic regression was used to determine the magnitude and direction of association between a set of independent variables and the outcome variable at p<0.25. Then those variables with p<0.25 was selected for multivariable analysis. Finally, odds ratio with 95% confidence level was computed and p-value < 0.05 was used to declare statistical significance. Results: More than half (55.3%) of total pregnant mothers encountered for at least for one food item. Food items avoided were, milk and milk products (26.9%), eggs (20.23%), linseed (17.86%), fatty meats (15.07%), fruits (9.52%), Honey (6.74%) and vegetables (3.57%). Reasons mentioned for avoidance of this food item; fear of fat baby, fear of abnormality baby, fear of abortion, plastered on fetal head and food flavor. Conclusion: This study revealed that food taboos and eating behavior during pregnancy like aversion, skipping and no use additional meal and occupation of husbands and educational status shows that significant association with food taboo affects more than half of pregnant mothers due to beliefs in old unscientific tales. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Food Taboo, Pregnant Women, SendafaBeke, Oromia en_US
dc.title Food Taboo and Its Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women in SendafaBeke Town, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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