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ASSESSMENT OF UNDERNUTRION AND ITS INFLUENCING FACTORS AMONG PRISONERS IN NORTH SHOA ZONE AMHARA REGION ETHIOPIA

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dc.contributor.author YOHANNES, YILMA
dc.date.accessioned 2020-08-27T06:32:28Z
dc.date.available 2020-08-27T06:32:28Z
dc.date.issued 2020-07
dc.identifier.uri http://localhost:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/397
dc.description.abstract Background: - Nutrition status is one of the health problems in developing countries. Prisons typically comprise marginalized sections of society and at high nutritional risk due to lack of diet diversity; And there is a lack of clarity on the dimensions of food security this study was identifying malnutrition and associated factors among prisoners to alleviate the problem. Objective: - This study aimed to assess the nutritional status and influencing factors among prisoners in North Shoa prisons, Ethiopia in 2020. Method: - Institution based cross sectional study design was conducted from Feb 15 to March 15, 2020. Multi-stage sampling technique was employed to recruit a total of 638 study participants. Data has been collected by using interviewer administered questionnaire. Weight and height measured and BMI was calculating as weight/height (kg/m2). Haemoglobin measurement has been measured by a simple procedure for determining the amount of iron in blood using Hemo-cue methods. Cleaned data was entered to Epi data version 3.1 and transferred to SPSS version 25 for further analysis, Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression was fitted to identify factors associated with under nutrition (nutritional status). Significance variable was obtained at adjusted odds ratio with 95% CI and p< 0.05. Result: - The overall prevalence of under nutrition among prisoners estimated as 19.3% (95% CI 16.5-22.4); anaemic respondents were 3.23% times more likely to develop malnutrition than non anaemic respondents and those who were in educational status unable to read and write were eight times more likely to be malnourished with AOR 8.466(1.548-26.295) than college level and above. Conclusion and recommendation: - The prevalence of malnutrition among prisoners in north Shoa zone was high. Anemia, HIV sero status, depression, social support and lack of additional diet like milk and meat were the most significant factors affecting under-nutrition. Therefore regular check-up of hemoglobin concentration among prisoner in general and those taking additional diet in particular is recommended. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Nutrition status, Prison, Dietary intakes en_US
dc.title ASSESSMENT OF UNDERNUTRION AND ITS INFLUENCING FACTORS AMONG PRISONERS IN NORTH SHOA ZONE AMHARA REGION ETHIOPIA en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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