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ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF IODIZED SALT UTILIZATION AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN DEBREBERHAN TOWN, CENTRAL ETHIOPIA

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dc.contributor.author Tegegne, Mulu
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-07T12:17:17Z
dc.date.available 2019-08-07T12:17:17Z
dc.date.issued 2019-06
dc.identifier.uri http://localhost:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/224
dc.description.abstract Introduction: In Ethiopia the best method to distribute iodine for the population is table salt because in every part of the country salt is used in most of food preparation. The government of Ethiopia started implementing mandatory salt iodization program in 2012 in manufacturing industry but the quality proper utilization is still remaining challenge in the household. In Ethiopia 68% of the household use iodized salt and 40.1% of the household believed that much iodized salt is needed for child and 32.6% of them also believed much needed for pregnant women. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the level of knowledge and practice of iodized salt utilization And Associated factors among pregnant women in Debre Berhan Town, Central Ethiopia. Method: A community based cross-sectional study design was conducted among 438 pregnant women in Debre Berhan Town. Multistage sampling technique was used to select the sample. Semi-structured and pretested questionnaire was used to collect the data using Census and survey Program (CSPro) software using mobile application. Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 21 was used to compute descriptive statistics, binary and multivariable logistic regression analysis. Variable with p-value<0.25 in binary logistic regression were included in multivariate logistic regression and p-value <0.05 were considered as significant with 95% confidence level in multivariable logistic regression. Result: About fifty one percent and 53% of the participants had good knowledge and practice of iodized salt utilization respectively. From all participants 75% of them were used adequate iodized salt. The women who have good knowledge on iodine were 6 times more likely hade good practice than the women who had poor knowledge [AOR: 5.937(95%CI:3.437,10.253)]. The participant who heard information for the health extension worker were 5 times more likely had good knowledge than who get the information from friends [AOR: 5.523(95%CI: 1.146, 26.632)]. Conclusions and recommendation: The participants’ knowledge and practice status on iodine and iodized salt utilization were low and the availability of adequate salt in the household is below the WHO recommendation. From the federal to the woreda health office should give due consideration for the awareness of the community on practice and knowledge of iodized salt utilization. The Health extension workers also should aware the community about iodine and proper utilization of iodized salt. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Iodine, utilization, Knowledge and Practice, Pregnant women, Debre Berhan Town en_US
dc.title ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF IODIZED SALT UTILIZATION AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN DEBREBERHAN TOWN, CENTRAL ETHIOPIA en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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